传统上，人们一直认为，增加对女性教育的投资会以增加下一代教育的形式得到回报。然而，一些作者却有不同的看法。根据他们的观点，母子学校之间的积极关系不可能完全被认为是正确的，因为学校教育和选型的交配和可遗传的“能力”之间的相关性会使其上升。另一项研究，他们认为没有考虑到这些因素，从而得出了母子教育与教育之间的积极关系。“妇女教育的增加对儿童的教育没有任何有益的影响”(Jere R. Behrman和Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2002)。增加母亲的教育和教育反而使母亲更少地关注家庭，家庭，特别是孩子。有人强调指出，妇女的时间是生育的重要因素，因此妇女应该更多地关注她们的家庭，而不是教育。他们认为这将为他们的孩子带来更好的学术前景。在某些情况下，母亲的良好教育可以改善孩子的健康。基本上，投资妇女教育的结果需要注意教育在妇女劳动和婚姻市场中所起的作用。
Traditionally it has been thought that an increase in investment in women’s schooling pays off in the form of increased schooling of the next generation. Some authors have a different view however. According to them the positive relationship between mother-child schooling can not entirely be considered true as it is somewhat biased upward due to the correlations between schooling and assortative mating and heritable “ability”. The other studies, they argue have not considered these factors and thus conclude showing a positive relationship between mother-child schooling and education. “An increase in the schooling of women does not have beneficial effects in terms of the schooling of children” (Jere R. Behrman and Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2002). Increases maternal schooling and education instead makes the mothers concentrate less on their homes, family and specifically their children. It is emphasized that the time of the women is an essential factor in childbearing and thus women should concentrate more on their families and not on education. This, they argue will lead to a better academic future for their child. Better schooling of the mother however can improve a Childs health in certain situations. Basically the result of investing in women’s schooling requires attention to the role played by schooling in the labor and marriage market for women.