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新西兰电子工程学essay代写:法国大革命

在法国大革命的影响因素中,有一种是对人权和政府结构的哲学观点。在理性时代,许多哲学家提出了关于政府的新观点,并质疑所有人的基本权利。这些想法影响了法国大革命。有三个主要的启蒙思想家,他们分别是约翰·洛克,孟德斯鸠和让·雅克·卢梭。洛克是一位英国哲学家,他在17世纪见证了英国的政治动荡。他关于法国大革命最具影响力的思想之一是人类的平等和三种自然权利,即生命、自由和财产。在法国,农奴和农民没有贵族的权利,因为他们没有享受到富人所享有的同样的自由和财产。此外,他们占人口的80%(克瑞斯)。因此,他们对自己的不平等权利感到不满。此外,“资产阶级”或“中产阶级”可以像某些贵族一样富有,因为资产阶级是从事贸易和各种各样的生意的人,这些商人帮助他们获得了大量的财富并影响了法国的经济。然而,资产阶级仍然被认为是平民,因为他们在社会中的地位并不是可以遗传的。因此,资产阶级希望政府根据个人的优点公开更多的职位。但由于社会阶层和特权的巨大差异,在旧制度下是不可能做到这一点的。因此,平民,包括农民和资产阶级,都受到了来自于广泛传播和接受个人人权的新哲学思想的反叛。

新西兰电子工程学essay代写:法国大革命

Among one of the factors that had played into the French Revolution was the philosophical view of human right and government structure. At the Age of Reason, many philosophers created new ideas about the government and questioned the basic rights of all humans. Such ideas influenced the French Revolution. There were three major enlightenment thinkers, and they were John Locke, Montesquieu and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Locke was an English philosopher who witnessed political turmoil in England during the 17th century. One of his most influential ideas on French Revolution was the equality of human and the three natural rights, which are life, liberty and property. In France, serfs and peasants didn’t have the same rights as aristocracy because they didn’t enjoy the same freedoms and property that the wealthy population enjoyed. Furthermore, they made up 80 percent of the population (Kreis). Thus, they were unsatisfied with their unequal rights. In addition, the “bourgeoisie”, or the middle class, could be as rich as the some nobles because the bourgeoisie were the people to get engaged in trades and a variety of businesses that helped them to gain a good amount of wealth and influence the French economy. However, the bourgeoisies were still considered as commoners because their statuses in society were not heritable as nobilities (Kreis). Consequently, the bourgeoisies wished the government to open more positions to base on the individual’s merits. But it was impossible to do this under the Old Regime due to the huge differences in social classes and privileges. Hence, the commoners, including both peasants and bourgeois, were inspired to revolt from the new philosophical ideas that were widely spread and accepted of the individual human rights.

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