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治疗可以帮助抑郁症患者,但抑郁症的严重程度将决定哪种治疗对他们最有帮助。抑郁症的症状因人而异。其生理症状包括:情绪持续低落、缺乏自尊、难以保持动力、难以做出决定、缺乏生活乐趣,这些都可能导致自杀的念头。需要注意的身体症状有:便秘,缺乏能量,比平时慢很多,还有睡眠问题。抑郁还会引起社会症状,如:减少参加社交活动的次数,尽量避免社交场合。(NHS,2016)对于抑郁症患者来说,有很广泛的治疗方法,比如;咨询和谈话疗法,认知行为疗法(CBT)和处方抗抑郁药。也有一些针对轻度抑郁症的自助治疗方法,比如锻炼。(Mind,2013)抑郁症是最常见的心理健康问题之一,对一些人来说,可能有一个明显的原因,如创伤性生活事件、压力和疾病。(CAMHS,2017)导致抑郁的因素有很多,比如;虐待,近亲或朋友的死亡,药物滥用和家族遗传。(MInd,2013)在英国,抑郁症的趋势正在增加。从1999年到2004年,15到16岁青少年的抑郁症发病率从1 / 30增加到2 / 30,翻了一番。据估计,世界上大约有3亿人患有某种形式的抑郁症和/或焦虑症,这些数字是世界卫生组织(WHO)公布的,与男性相比,女性更容易患抑郁症。


Treatment is available to help individuals who suffer with depressions however the severity of their depression will determine which treatment will be most helpful for them. Symptoms of depression can vary from one individual to another. The physiological symptoms can range from: continuous low moods, low self-esteem, finding it hard to keep themselves motivated, having difficulty with decision making and having little enjoyment in life which can cause suicidal thoughts. Physical symptoms to look out for are: constipation, lacking in energy and being a lot slower than usual and having sleep troubles. Depression will also cause social symptoms such as: reducing the number of social events attended and trying to avoid social situations. (NHS,2016) There is a wide range of treatments available for people who suffer with depression such as; Counselling and talking therapy, Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and prescribed antidepressants. There are also self-help treatments for mild depression such as exercising. (Mind,2013) Depression is one of the most common mental health issues and for some people there could be an obvious reason for this such as a traumatic life event, stress and illnesses. (CAMHS,2017) There are many factors which can be causes of depression such as; abuse, death of a close relative or friend, drug misuse and family genetics. (MInd,2013) In the UK the trend of depression is increasing. Depression in teenagers between 15 and 16 has doubled from 1 in 30 to 2 in 30 from 1999 and 2004. (Nuffield Foundation) It is estimated that around 300 million people of the world’s population suffer with a form of depression and/or anxiety, these figures were published by the world health organisation (WHO) and women are more likely to have depression in comparison to men.

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