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新西兰护理学论文代写:护理和环境的关系

该定义还指出了照顾者与他或她的环境之间的关系。上下文和社会过程也被认为是护理的一部分。Meleis(1996)认为每一种健康体验都应该通过考虑社会、政治、历史和结构背景来理解,从而超越个体和群体的差异。考虑到关怀的社会和政治层面,避免了文化主义解释的陷阱,比如考虑到文化的活力以及文化在年龄、性别、性取向或社会地位等方面的多样性。护士在历史和文化上与他人和社会都有联系。要把她在护理关系中的先入之见和偏见放在一边,需要有意识的努力。专业人士必须反映和扩大她对权力结构的看法,这些权力结构可以影响社会对保健、健康和文化的表现。她还可以思考这些表现对个人和社会的影响。这种批判性的反思也使专业人员能够对目前的做法提出质疑,并提出改进保健效率和质量的建议,以及在更大的范围内实现平等和社会正义。要进行这种批判性反思,必须认识到社会、卫生和权力不平等以及经济和政治不公正对健康的影响。关于这些不平等现象的知识不是指具体的种族内容,而是指影响人口健康的各种环境。

新西兰护理学论文代写:护理和环境的关系

The definition also points out the relationship of the caregiver with his or her environment. Contexts and social processes are also considered part of the care. Meleis (1996) argues that every health experience should be understood by taking into account social, political, historical, and structural contexts, to go beyond individual and group differences. Considering the social and political dimensions of care avoids the pitfall of culturalist explanations taking into account the dynamism of culture and its multiple variations across age, gender, sexual orientation, or social status to name a few. The nurse is historically and culturally connected with others and with society. To put her preconceptions and prejudices in the care relationship aside requires a conscious effort. The professional must reflect and expand her vision of the power structures that can influence the social representations of the care, health, and culture. She could also reflect on the impact of these representations on individuals and on society. This critical reflection also allows the professional to question current practices and to propose changes for the improvement of efficiency and quality of care, and, on a larger scale, equality and social justice. To perform this critical reflection, it is essential to recognize the health impacts of social, health, and power inequalities, as well as economic and political injustices. Knowledge of these inequities does not refer to ethnospecific content but rather to various contexts that influence the health of a population.

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