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新西兰惠灵顿论文代写:现实的理想主义

否定外在现实的理想主义不是真正的理想主义。真实的体验被承认。唯心主义者想知道的是现实的本质和意义;至于它的性质和意义,可能有也有各种各样的意见。没有人在他的感官中怀疑物质的存在。造成无穷无尽麻烦的是物质存在的混乱,这是一种物质现实独立于心灵的断言。我们不可能意识到某些东西是无意识的,如果我们意识到什么,我们知道多少。这一事实是知识的需要,而断言它作为意识对象所经历的关系的独立性,就等于不断言任何东西。我们不知道任何意识不能证明的东西。同样地,我们知道精神事实与物理事实或过程是不同的。我们可以说心理过程是内在的,物理过程是外在的;但是内在性和外在性都不适用于精神过程本身。它们与物质世界完全不同。他们不协调,使用米切尔的话….而且“它们的相关性并不意味着自然的同一性.

新西兰惠灵顿论文代写:现实的理想主义

An idealism that denies external reality is no true idealism. The experience of the real is admitted. What the idealist wants to know is the nature and meaning of reality; and as to its nature and meaning there may be and is a great variety of opinions. No one in his senses doubts the existence of material objects. What brings about endless trouble is the confusion of material existence with the assertion of the existence of a material reality independent of mind. We cannot be conscious of something which is out of consciousness, and if we are conscious of anything, we know somewhat of it. This fact is a necessity of knowledge, and to assert its independence of the relations under which it is experienced as an object of consciousness is to assert nothing. We are not aware of anything to which consciousness does not testify. In a like manner we know mental facts as distinct from physical facts or processes. We may speak of mental processes as internal and of physical processes as external; but neither internality nor externality is applicable to mental processes as such. They are entirely different from the physical. They are not coordinate, to use Mitchell’s words….and “their correlation does not mean identity of nature

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