The incorporation of technology into the classroom remains a divisive matter. Researchers and educators argue on the utilization of technology as either a detriment or a benefit. Most researchers believe that a proper implementation and support of technology can help in empowering and exciting teachers and students. Effective technology use can help improve thinking by engaging students in authentic and complex tasks in the context of collaborative learning. In a recent study, students who operated under computer-based instructions in the achievement tests scored in the 64th percentile while the ones under non-computer based control conditions scored at the 50th percentile (Polly, Mims, Shepherd, & Inan, 2010). However, critics postulate that no valuable research support the claims of technology being useful in schools.If technology really promotes meaningful learning, then why is it hard to integrate it in the classroom? It appears that there is skepticism on it being a hindrance to learning because students cannot write or read. Therefore, proper training is necessary to eliminate this skepticism. In addition, educators should learn how to utilize technology as a tool for supporting collaboration and communication. This section will provide an account of the existing relevant literature regarding the incorporation of technology into the classroom.