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新西兰经济学作业代写:私有化的利弊

总而言之,对于私有化是否对社会上最贫穷的人有害,我们无法做出直截了当的宣告。是否如此,取决于私有化前的初始条件、私有化进程是如何进行的,以及私有化后盛行的政治和经济环境。监管和竞争,而不是私有化,将导致私营部门的发展和公平占上风的环境。在一些案例中,由于市场准入的重大障碍,如规模经济,自然垄断源自私有化。在这种情况下,更重要的是确保在私有化之前建立健全和自主的监管机构。通过这种方式,投资者的价格和扩张决策将与增加对穷人的接触的社会目标相一致,并确保价格不会超出穷人的承受能力。为了从私有化中获得最佳利益,建议以下建议:将资产从国家实体转移到私人手中应是一项透明的工作,通过竞争性投标过程进行。这样,国家将得到最好的交易,可能有效的监管机构应该建立之前的私有化出售,以确保价格和服务质量的私营企业是公平的,并促进竞争,在可能的地方。监管当局也可确保新私有化的公司遵守税务规定。现在私营企业的税收收入可以极大地帮助政府资助反贫困社会项目。这些项目甚至可能对私有化的受害者有利,这些人在新私有化的实体进行重组时失去了工作。

新西兰经济学作业代写:私有化的利弊

In conclusion, there is no straightforward proclamation one can make, as to whether or not Privatisation is bad for the poorest in society. Whether or not it is, depends on the initial conditions prior to Privatisation, how the process of Privatisation was undertaken, and the political and economic environment that prevailed post-Privatisation.Regulation and competition, rather than Privatisation, lead to private sector development and an environment in which equity prevails. There are cases where natural monopolies result from Privatisation, because of significant barriers to market entry, such as economies of scale. In such instances, it is even more important to ensure that robust and autonomous regulatory institutions are forged prior to Privatisation. This way, the price and expansion decisions of the investor will align with the social goals of increased access to the poor, and ensuring prices are not beyond their reach. In order to yield optimum benefits from Privatisation, the following recommendations are suggested The transfer of assets from state entities to private hands should be a transparent exercise, undertaken through a process of competitive bidding. This way, the state will get the best deal possible Effective regulatory bodies should be established before the Privatisation sale, to ensure prices and service quality of private firms are fair, and to promote competition where possible. A regulatory authority may also serve to ensure tax compliance of the newly privatized firm. The tax revenues from the now private entities could greatly aid government’s ability to fund anti-poverty social programs. Such programs may even be of benefit to victims of Privatisation, who lost their jobs as newly privatized entities restructured.

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