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新西兰坎特伯雷大学论文代写:基于观察

基于观察、测试和实验的活动通常被称为实验室教学中的应用,在自然科学和物理课程,实验室已成为一个多世纪的重要组成部分。我们可以找到这么多的研究,在文献中描述的目的,在许多方面的实验室应用。因此,诺瓦克(1970)分为四个主要的观点,这是(在Trumper,2003引):技能、概念、科学本质、和态度。当我比较每个学期的目的和科学教学的一般目标时,我发现它们非常相似。因此,可以说,实验室的工作通常被视为科学教学的主要收入。实验室提供的机会进行科学实验,他们也是优秀的教学和学习科学的设置,因为他们为学习者发展他们的批判性思维和探究的机会,讨论和解决问题的能力。据松顿(1987),实验室应用程序不太重视课程,因为许多实验设备是难以使用的,脆弱的,不可靠的,昂贵的。然而,对计算机和互联网的学校,现在介绍,计算机模拟已经集成到物理实验室实验,在手上实验。

新西兰坎特伯雷大学论文代写:基于观察

Activities based on observations, tests and experiments are generally named as laboratory applications in teaching the natural sciences and in physics curriculum, laboratories have been an essential component for more than a century. We can find so many studies in the literature that are describing the purposes of laboratory applications on many perspectives. So, Novak (1970) categorized them into four main perspectives, these are (as cited in Trumper, 2003): skills, concepts, the nature of science, and attitudes. When I compare the contextual purpose of each term with the general goals of science teaching, I see that they are very similar. So, it can be said that laboratory work was commonly valued as the primary income of teaching science.Laboratories provides opportunity to conduct scientific experiments and they are also excellent settings for teaching and learning science since they provide opportunities for learners to develop their critical and inquiry thinking, discussing, and problem solving abilities. According to Thornton (1987), laboratory applications are placed less emphasis upon in courses since many experiment equipments are hard to use, fragile, unreliable, and costly. However, the introductions of both computers and Internet to the schools, now, computer simulations have been integrated into physics course as laboratory experimentations, near hand-on experiments.

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