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新西兰考古学论文代写:有用的社会关系

另一个有用的社会关系,已成为社会网络研究的共同实践的维度是工具性和情感性关系之间的区别(伊瓦拉,1993,1995)。这些不同的关系被认为是提供不同种类的支持和转让独特的知识和信息(埃里克森,1988)。工具关系包括社会互动,最终目的是实现组织目标,如工作相关的意见或合作。工具性关系被认为是“弱”的关系通过工作相关的信息和知识是专家和寻求信息的人之间交换(Granovetter,1973)。表达的关系是通过社会互动,不是直接针对工作有关问题的形成,往往把个人的利益之上,组织(Burt,1997),这主要是由一个情感成分,如个人的支持和友谊。在一般情况下,表达纽带被认为是更强大,更持久和值得信赖的,并提供更大的潜力,发挥社会影响力.

新西兰考古学论文代写:有用的社会关系

Another useful dimensionality of social relationships that has become common practice in social network research is the distinction between instrumental and expressive relationships (Ibarra, 1993, 1995). These distinct relationships are believed to provide different kinds of support and transfer unique knowledge and information (Erickson, 1988). Instrumental relationships encompass social interactions that are ultimately aimed at achieving organizational goals, such as work related advice or collaboration. Instrumental ties are believed to be ‘weak’ ties through which work related information and knowledge is exchanged between experts and people who seek information (Granovetter, 1973). Expressive relationships are formed through social interaction that is not directly aimed at work related issues, that often places the individual’s interest above that of the organization (Burt, 1997), and that is mostly characterized by an affective component, such as personal support and friendship. In general, expressive ties are believed to be stronger, more durable and trustworthy, and offer greater potential to exert social influence

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