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新西兰留学生代写作业:契约的一种实践

第三自然法将正义定义为遵循和尊重社会契约契约的一种实践,以促进个人的保存,这对美德的发展也有显著的影响。霍布斯认为,为了促进和保障人与人之间权利的转移,“人履行自己所立的契约”是必要的(霍布斯)。在这方面,霍布斯认为正义是一种道德实践,以遵守社会契约的契约,以促进和平和自我保护。这种正义的愿景可能会促使人们做出道德的配置,因为这符合个人的利益。然而,这种做法并不一定意味着个人出于自身利益而行善,因为他们可能承受着做出善行的巨大压力。此外,值得注意的是,霍布斯认为唯物主义是利己主义的关键内容之一,因为个人天生关心满足他们的欲望和避免厌恶。霍布斯通过观察机械宇宙的运动,建构了他的人性理论,揭示了人性集中于欲望和厌恶。在这一点上,霍布斯认为人类天生就被各种形式的物质主义的追求所驱动,比如骄傲和荣誉。因此,美德可能不符合人类的利益,因为做出美德的行为需要个人为了他人和其他事情的利益做出个人牺牲。因此,霍布斯认为,对自身利益的追求并不一定导致道德行为。相反,在自然状态下,许多人会有意识地审视甚至避免善行。由此可见,霍布斯并不认为人们会为了自身利益而行善。

新西兰留学生代写作业:契约的一种实践

The third law of nature defines justice as a practice to follow and respect the covenants of social contracts in order to contribute to the preservation of individuals, which also has notable impacts over the development of virtues. Hobbes argues that in order to facilitate and guarantee the transferring of rights between people, it is necessitated for “men perform their covenants made” (Hobbes). In this aspect, Hobbes views justice as a moral practice to obey the covenants of social contracts in order to contribute to peace and self-preservation. This vision of justice might challenge people to make virtuous dispositions, because it is in the interests of individuals. However, this practice also does not necessarily mean that individuals act virtuously out of self-interest, because they might be under great pressures to make virtuous actions. Furthermore, it deserves to be noticed that Hobbes argue that materialism is the one of the key contents of self-interest, because individuals are inherently concerned with satisfying their appetites and avoiding aversions. Through observing the motions of the mechanic universe, Hobbes constructs his theory about human nature, revealing that human nature is concentrated on appetites and aversions. In this regard, Hobbes suggests that human beings are inherently driven by the pursuits of various forms of materialism, such as pride and honor. As a result, virtues might not be in the interest of human beings, because making virtuous actions necessitate individuals to make personal sacrifice for the benefits of others and other things. Thus, Hobbes believes that the pursuit of self-interest does not necessarily lead to virtuous actions. Instead, virtuous actions are consciously scrutinized and even avoided by many people in the state of nature. Thus, it can be seen that Hobbes does not hold that people will act virtuously because of self-interest.

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