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新西兰留学生代写作业:社群主义

尽管社群主义批评了普遍主义和中立的自由主义思想,但杨格的论点指出,如果不遵守主流思想,社会中的某些群体可能无法充分参与公共领域。由于社群主义本身并没有解决多元文化主义和支配地位的问题,我认为这种由人民和社会发挥作用的想法将导致平等的考虑。正如卡尼指出的那样,社群主义者提出的一种批评是,“强调政治原则的元伦理主张应该反映出共同的理解”。“人们应该考虑到他们所拥有的社会责任,因为这不是来自政府的单向责任,这将确保一些平等。”然而,杨的论点是正确的,是任何政治意识形态的担忧,因为在任何社会;无论遵循的是自由主义还是保守主义的意识形态,多数人总是存在的。然而,很难评估应该如何解决这个问题。她认为应该对少数群体实行积极的歧视。然而,这本身就很困难,原因有二。首先,很难选择哪个群体是少数。有很多因素,比如数字和文化,都可以被考虑进去。因此,现在的少数群体比现在的要多,因为有人提倡这些少数群体。第二个问题是,我们应该在什么地方停止给予这些少数民族权利,或者创造一个承认分歧的公共领域。在社群主义的意义上,可以做一些调整来尝试和限制群体之间的差异。

新西兰留学生代写作业:社群主义

Even though communitarianism criticizes the liberal idea of a universalism and neutrality, Young’s argument entails that some groups in society might not be able to fully participate in the public sphere without abiding by the dominant thought. Since communitarianism does not in itself address the issue of multiculturalism and dominance, I believe that this idea of roles by the people and the society would entail that equality would be considered. As Caney would point out, one critique that communitarians make is that there is a “meta-ethical claim emphasizing political principles should mirror shared understandings.” People should take into account the social responsibilities that they have, since it is not a one-way responsibility from the government, which would ensure that there should be some equality.However, Young’s argument is a valid one and is a worry to any political ideology, since in any society; there can always be a majority, regardless of whether it follows liberal or conservative ideologies. However, it is very hard to assess how this should be addressed. She argues that there should be a positive discrimination towards the minority groups. Yet, this is difficult in itself for two reasons. The first is that it is hard to choose which group is a minority. There are many factors like numerical and cultural, for example, that can be taken into account. Thus, there are more minority groups than those which exist today because there are people advocating for those minorities. The second is that where should we stop in giving these minorities rights, or to create one public sphere where are differences are recognizes. In the communitarian sense, some accommodations can be made to try and limit differences between groups.

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