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新西兰留学生论文代写:自由资本主义

在心理层面上,马克思主义对自由资本主义的批评也失败了,因为它们缺乏对人类心理如何运作的实际洞察,而过于依赖于集体层面上人类理想主义运作的乌托邦理想。马克思关于人性的理论是一个生物学上的幻想,我们有尸体来证明它。这可能会让我们怀疑:如果共产主义之所以致命,是因为它违背了人性,那么这是否意味着,与共产主义相悖的资本主义,与人性是明显相容的?(威尔金森,2005)事实的真相是,人类是一个具有等级倾向的物种,靠权力和竞争而繁荣。如果不加以控制,这些冲动会导致可怕的、自相残杀的行为,但如果加以控制和适当引导,这些冲动就会形成自由市场经济的核心。自由市场经济依靠个人主动性、健康的竞争以及对自我完善和领导力的追求而蓬勃发展。马克思主义批判的心理支柱是假定被压迫者永远处于受害者状态,这没有考虑到人类固有的抵抗压迫和将现有制度改革为更平等的结构的倾向。换句话说,马克思主义式的革命很可能是不必要的,因为无产阶级似乎经常在资本主义制度中找到维护自己权利的方法。人们总是会有狩猎和采集的冲动,但这并不意味着他们注定是有害的。

新西兰留学生论文代写:自由资本主义

On a psychological level, Marxist critiques of liberal capitalism also fail because they lack practical insight into how the human psyche operates and instead rely too heavily on utopian ideals of human beings operating idealistically on a collective level. Marx’s theory of human nature is a biological fantasy, and we have the corpses to prove it. Which may drive us to wonder: if communism is deadly because it is contrary to human nature, does that imply that capitalism, which is contrary to communism, is distinctively compatible with human nature? (Wilkinson, 2005) The truth of the matter is that human beings are a hierarchically inclined species that thrive on power and competition. Left unchecked, these impulses can result in ghastly, fratricidal behavior, but when harnessed and properly channeled, these impulses form the heart of the free market economy, which thrives on individual initiative, healthy competition, and the quest for self-improvement and leadership.The psychological backbone of Marxist critique is the assumption of a perpetual state of victimhood on the part of the oppressed, which fails to take into account the inherent human tendency to resist oppression and reform existing systems into more egalitarian structures. In other words, Marxist-style revolutions may well be unnecessary, as the proletariat seems to frequently find ways within capitalist systems to assert their rights. People will always have their hunter-gatherer impulses, but this does not mean they are predestined to be deleterious。

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