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新西兰论文代写:长期碳排放政策

英国工业联合会(CBI)在今年4月的一次公开呼吁中,要求英国政府澄清其“长期碳排放政策的立场,使核燃料等低碳排放源发挥重要作用”。英国工业联合会还明确表示,核能是唯一一种经过验证的低碳技术,能够大规模提供持续的电力供应。稳定的运营成本、政治稳定国家的核燃料供应以及储存铀的能力等优势,是开展更多核电站开发和投产工作的实际理由。此外,核电的运营成本是稳定的,因为燃料成本只占总运营成本的5%到10%。到目前为止,建造核电站的成本远远高于传统的石油、天然气和燃煤发电厂。然而,运营成本不仅较低,而且预计将保持稳定,不受反复出现的政治动荡的影响。然而,有两个因素注定会改变这些情况。化石燃料(尤其是石油)的成本正急剧上升,有可能使所有成本预测都偏离正轨。预期的天然气资源枯竭以及随之而来的从外部购买越来越多天然气的冲动也会带来后果,增加的成本肯定是其中之一。尽管核电站的制造商正在努力降低资本成本,但“天然气价格的大幅上涨可能使新核电站在不进一步降低资本成本的情况下具有经济竞争力。”

新西兰论文代写:长期碳排放政策

The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) has, in a widely publicised call in April this year, asked the Government to clarify its’ stand on longer term carbon emission policy to enable low carbon emission sources like nuclear fuel to play an important role. The CBI has also stated very categorically that nuclear power is the only proven low-carbon technology able to deliver consistent supplies of electricity on a large scale. The advantages of stable operating costs, the availability of nuclear fuel from politically stable countries and the ability to store uranium are practical reasons to work towards the development and commissioning of more nuclear plants. In addition, the operating costs of nuclear power are stable because the cost of fuel varies between only 5 and 10% of total operating costs.The cost of building nuclear power plants, as of now, is far more than that of conventional oil, gas and coal fired plants. Operating costs are however not just lower but also expected to be stable and independent of recurring political upheavals. Two factors are however set to change these circumstances. The cost of fossil fuel, especially oil is on a sharp upward path, threatening to throw all cost projections out of gear. The expected depletion in gas resource and consequent compulsion to buy increasing quantities from outside is also going to come with its own consequences, increased costs definitely one of them. While manufacturers of nuclear power plants are working on reduction of capital cost, a “significant increase in the price of natural gas could make new nuclear plants economically competitive even without further reductions in their capital costs.

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