A major finding from a study conducted by the National Survey of Student Engagement (2005b) Viewpoint, revealed that demographic factors such as socioeconomic and ethnicity, have a negative effect on first-generation students persistence toward graduation from college. Terenzine et al (1996) inferred from their study that first-generation students coming from a lower socioeconomic background will have lower ambition, in regards to education, which starts in high school and carrying over into college. However, Brown and Burkhardt (1999) inferred that first-generation college students approach college with the same educational ambition as non first-generation college students. According to Terenzine et al (1996) first-generation college students are at a clear disadvantage when it comes to socioeconomic background, when compared to non first-generation college students.Another study conducted by Choy (2001) compares first-generation college students to non first-generation students, with similar socioeconomic background, and higher education institution types. This study found that 13% of first generation college students were not likely to obtain a college degree when compared to 33% of non first-generation students (Choy, 2001). Choy also found that 45% of first-generation students were more likely to drop out of college after the first year, versus 29% of non first-generation students. A key finding of this study disclosed that demographics such as socioeconomic backgrounds and standings, did in fact act as a barrier for non first-generation students persistence toward graduation. Students with a profile labeling them as first-generation students did not have the same persistence toward graduation as non first-generation students.