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新西兰哲学代写essay:高尔夫俱乐部

支持的情况下,Karsten介绍,在美国上诉法院的证据表明,经济有了PGA巡回赛没有负面影响,采用“平眼2专业人士,包括定量研究,钱的比例获得通过高尔夫俱乐部球员小于玩家不使用俱乐部的百分比。此外,没有证据表明平高尔夫俱乐部导致更多的球员在不到规定的情况下把球拿到果岭上。专业人士的证据和预期的一样——换俱乐部会对他们的比赛造成不利影响,这会影响奖金的获得和代言收入。相比之下,PGA认为成功会造成不可弥补的损害其作为该理事会。如果他们的声誉被削弱了,那么就很难制定出在其控制下进行锦标赛的规则。然而,法院在对制造商和运动员的损害进行了比较,与对制造商有利的PGA巡回赛进行了对比。损害的信誉和声誉的PGA相比与球员和Karsten的财务损失的比较。颁发了禁令防止俱乐部前进的禁令,想到这,两USGA和PGA解决悬而未决的诉讼与Karsten。这看到Karsten承认美国高尔夫球协会为主体的规则制定机构,PGA作为独立设备咨询委员会成立监督引进创新负责赛事的行政组织。双方都宣称胜利,USGA和PGA保留了自己的位置,作为高尔夫比赛的规则制定者的权威,厂商和玩家能够继续使用“平眼2。

新西兰哲学代写essay:高尔夫俱乐部

To support its case, Karsten presented, in the United States Court of Appeal, economic evidence that there had been no negative impact for the PGA Tour by professionals using the ‘Ping-Eye 2.’ This included a quantitative study that the percentage of money won by players using the golf club was less than the percentage of players not using the club. Furthermore, there was no proof that Ping golf clubs led to a greater number of players getting their balls to the green in less than regulation. The evidence of the professionals was as expected – that changing clubs would adversely hurt their game, with this impacting on prize money won and endorsement income. By contrast, the PGA considered that success for Karsten would irreparably damage its standing as the governing body. If their reputation were diminished, it would then have difficulty formulating rules for the conduct of tournaments under its control. However, the Court in comparing the harm done to the manufacturer and the player, as against the PGA Tour found in favour of the manufacturer. The damage done to the prestige and reputation of the PGA paled in comparison with the financial harm to the players and Karsten. An injunction was granted preventing the ban of the club going ahead and with this in mind, both the USGA and the PGA settled the outstanding litigation with Karsten. This saw Karsten acknowledging the USGA as the principal rule making body, the PGA as the administrative organisation in charge of tournaments with an independent equipment advisory committee established to oversee the introduction of innovations. Both sides claimed victory – the USGA and PGA retained their positions as the authoritative rule-setters for golf and tournament play, the manufacturer and players able to continue to use the ‘Ping-Eye 2.

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