Assignment help

新西兰哲学论文代写:笛卡儿在哲学

笛卡儿开始了他关于第一哲学的经典冥想之一,他说在他的一生中,他获得了一些观点和信仰,后来他发现这些都是错误的(17-18)。笛卡儿的主要目标是要找到一个可以建立知识的基础。那就是笛卡尔想要找到一个不容置疑的真理。他同意柏拉图关于知识需要确定性的观点,但反对柏拉图关于物质世界不可知的观点。确定性意味着什么?笛卡尔的主要问题是如何实现这种确定性。为了达到这个目的,笛卡尔采用了一种被称为怀疑法的系统方法。怀疑的方法教会我们接受我们的信念并让他们去怀疑。如果怀疑是可能的,那么我们就会认为他们是错误的,我们需要重复这个过程,直到我们找不到可以怀疑的东西。重要的是,我们把所有的信念都视为错误的,直到我们找到一个不容置疑的基础,我们用不容置疑的东西来建立它。怀疑的方法将基于:怀疑感官,怀疑物质世界(梦想),想象存在一个邪恶的天才。

新西兰哲学论文代写:笛卡儿在哲学

Descartes began ‘Meditation One’ of his classic Meditation on First Philosophy by saying that throughout his life, he had acquired several opinions and beliefs which he later discovered to be false (17-18). The main goal of Descartes was to find a foundation on which knowledge can be built. That is Descartes wanted to find a certainty or truth which could not be doubted beyond dispute. He agrees with Plato that knowledge requires certainty, but reject Plato idea that physical world is not knowable. What does it means to be certainty? Descartes main problem was how to achieve this certainty. In order to achieve this aim, Descartes adopted a systematic method known as the method of doubt. The method of doubt teaches us to take our beliefs and subject them to doubt. If it is possible to doubt, then we treat them as false, and we need to repeat this process until we are unable to find something to doubt on. The main point is that we treat all our beliefs as false until we find a foundation which is undoubtable, and we used the undoubtable things to build up everything on it. The method of doubt will be elaborated based on: doubting the senses, doubting the physical world (dream), and imagining that there exists an evil genius.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注