When talking about the people’s/human’s rights, Rousseau points out that that the people have rights in the civil state that are sacred. Therefore, people agree to live in a civil society because that society will protect their rights. But is this a real reflection on what the reality looks like? If taken for example the dictatorship regimes, let’s say in Sudan, or as it was in Romania when Ceausescu was on power, the people were in a fictional social contract with the country, and the state did not meet its main duty: the protection of the individual that is not able to protect himself! Different from Locke, who stands on the position that the human has rights even without the existence of the state,  Rousseau does not says that the human can exist and just be in that kind of state. For Rousseau, the people only have human rights when engaged in a contract with the state. Here he contradicts himself. First, he says that the civil society corrupts the people, and then notes that human rights exist only when people engage in social contract with the state. Rousseau’s second point about the requirement of the people to conclude the contract in order to be ‘safe’ and in a possession of human rights is questionable. The second chapter of my paper will show that people that are not part of a civil society still have human rights and are free.