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新西兰哲学论文代写:权利是神圣的

在谈到人的权利时,卢梭指出,公民国家的权利是神圣的。因此,人们同意生活在一个公民社会,因为这个社会将保护他们的权利。但这是对现实的真实反映吗?如果采取例如独裁政权,假设在苏丹,或者是在罗马尼亚齐奥塞斯库政权的时候,人们在一个虚构的社会契约,和国家没有满足其主要职责:个人的保护不能保护自己!与洛克的立场不同,卢梭认为即使没有国家的存在,人也有权利,他并没有说人可以存在,只是处于那种状态。对于卢梭来说,人民只有在与国家签订契约时才享有人权。在这里他自相矛盾。首先,他说公民社会腐化人民,然后他指出,只有当人们与国家签订社会契约时,人权才会存在。卢梭关于人们为了“安全”和拥有人权而订立合同的要求的第二点是值得怀疑的。我的论文的第二章将表明,不属于公民社会的人仍然享有人权和自由。

新西兰哲学论文代写:权利是神圣的

When talking about the people’s/human’s rights, Rousseau points out that that the people have rights in the civil state that are sacred. Therefore, people agree to live in a civil society because that society will protect their rights. But is this a real reflection on what the reality looks like? If taken for example the dictatorship regimes, let’s say in Sudan, or as it was in Romania when Ceausescu was on power, the people were in a fictional social contract with the country, and the state did not meet its main duty: the protection of the individual that is not able to protect himself! Different from Locke, who stands on the position that the human has rights even without the existence of the state, [58] Rousseau does not says that the human can exist and just be in that kind of state. For Rousseau, the people only have human rights when engaged in a contract with the state. Here he contradicts himself. First, he says that the civil society corrupts the people, and then notes that human rights exist only when people engage in social contract with the state. Rousseau’s second point about the requirement of the people to conclude the contract in order to be ‘safe’ and in a possession of human rights is questionable. The second chapter of my paper will show that people that are not part of a civil society still have human rights and are free.

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