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新西兰作业代写:规范的策略

可以采用规范的策略当面对艰难的道德抉择,因为它可以帮助人们评价,仔细想想,防止非理性决策。规范伦理学提供了几个声音伦理决策哲学方法,它可以分为三个部分:(一)论、道义论(b)和(c)美德理论”,结果主义理论主要关注结果或后果的决定或行动。它包括哲学方法如利己主义和功利主义。利己主义促进个人的长期利益而功利主义持有道德行为是那些为最伟大的好还是做的总效用最大化。相反,注重个人的权利和义务论理论与特定行为相关的意图,而不是对其后果。它包含了哲学方法像康德主义和正义。康德哲学围绕责任,而不是最终目标或情感,和他们的行动是根据一些基本原则或准则执行从一个另一个完全不同(如诚实、公平和正义),而正义的哲学观点植根于信仰的道德平等和公平对待每一个人都关心作为可疑的行动。最后,美德伦理学的方法更侧重于诚信道德的演员而不是道德行为本身。

新西兰作业代写:规范的策略

One can adopt a normative strategy when facing tough ethical choices as it can help people to evaluate and think carefully so as to prevent them from making irrational decisions. Normative ethics provides several philosophical approaches for making sound ethical decisions and it can be categorized into three parts: (a) consequentialist, (b) deontological and (c) virtue theory .The consequentialist theory “focuses attention on the results or consequences of the decision or action . It includes philosophical approaches like egoism and utilitarianism. Egoism promotes an individual’s long-term interests while utilitarianism holds ethical actions as those done for the greatest good or to maximize total utility. On the contrary, the deontological theory focuses on the rights of individuals and on the intentions associated with a particular behavior rather than on its consequences.and it embraces philosophical approaches like Kantianism and justice. Kantianism revolve around duty, not end goals or emotions, and their actions are performed according to some underlying principle or maxim that are entirely different from one another (e.g. honesty, fairness and justice), while the philosophical view of justice is rooted in one’s belief in moral equity and equitable treatment for everyone concerned with a questionable action. Lastly, the virtue ethics approach focuses more on the integrity of the moral actor than on the moral act itself .

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